Sunday, May 17, 2020
Mass incarceration alludes to the investigation which ought to be clarified as exceedingly elevated pace of imprisonment among African Americans men and Latino males from troubling neighborhoods. Many will say itÃ¢â¬â¢s from poor families and when they take the males, it weakens the family even more. One of the main reasons for mass incarceration is to have control of the system and African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s after slavery was annihilated. One main issue about mass incarceration would be that if an African American student drops out of high school they are more likely to end up in prison rather than a white individual. On the other hand, Corrections refers to someone who has to be overseen based on the criminal offense that they have committed. Drug treatment is used to underscore correctional treatment because treatment for offenders through rehabilitation is used as an effort to improve the mistake that the convict has achieved. However, the state spending on corrections has drama tically grown faster in the past twenty years than the spending on nearly any other budget items across America. The reason for this is because states are taking an expensive approach rather than take a smart one. The real efforts are to contain the amount of money that they spend so they can limit the growth and reduce the population. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Incarceration social inequalityÃ¢â¬ Bruce Western and Becky Pettit wrote Ã¢â¬Å"By 2008, the incarceration rate had climbed to thirty seven percent, an astonishingShow MoreRelatedMass Incarceration And Its Effects On The United States Essay1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMass incarceration is a major problem in the United States. Since the tough on crime movement that began to emphasize more punishment and creating new policies such as; three strikes law, truth-in sentencing laws, mandatory sentencing, and determinate sentencing, our prisons and jails have become overcrowded. The three strikes law increases the prison sentence of an offender convicted of three felonies or serious crime. Usually the punishment ranges from a minimum of 25 years to life in prison. TheRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration Essay1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Michelle AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, examines mass incarceration in the United States, why the criminal justice system works the way it does towards minorities, the detriments associated with mass incarceration as it relates to offenders, and much more. In the introduction of her book, Alexander immediately paints the harsh reality of mass incarceration with the story of Jarvious Cotton who is denied the right to vote among other rights becauseRead MoreMass Incarceration : A New Form Of Slavery Essay1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMass Incarceration: A New Form of Slavery in the United States Lorena P. Ambriz History 12A Abstract Starting in the 1970s, the rising rate of imprisonment came to be known as Mass Incarceration. What was once an average of 100 people getting imprisoned for every 100,000 adults, prior to the 1970s, has now grown to become more than 600 individuals per every 100,000 adults imprisoned. With only five present of the total world population, The United States holds an astonishing 25 percent of theRead MoreAmeric Land Of The Incarcerated1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe poem The Star Spangled Banner after witnessing the attack on Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy in the War of 1812. The poem was sang to the tune of a well-known British song and eventually, KeyÃ¢â¬â¢s once amateur patriotic poem became the United States national anthem in which the lyrics strongly symbolize our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s perseverance and freedom. The Star Spangled Banner can be heard at a variety gatherings such as official military functions and sporting events where celebrity singers oftenRead MoreMass Incar ceration Is Defined As The Imprisonment Of A Large Amount Of People1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAt the simplest level, mass incarceration is defined as the imprisonment of a large amount of people. However, that does not tell the whole story. The majority of people incarcerated are minorities, and although mass incarceration began as a system of unjust racial and social control, today it continues for many political reasons including government grants, swaying voter opinion, and for-profit prison revenue. The United States incarcerates more people, per capita, than any other nation in theRead MoreThe Basis for Cridme Deterren ce in the United States964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdeterrence in the United States is based on the exacting words of Beccaria, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ a punishmentÃ¢â¬ ¦ should be public, immediate, and necessary, the least possible in the case given, proportioned to the crime, and determined by the laws. While this philosophy fulfills its intended goals, it also comes with far reaching consequences for criminal offenders and completely ignores the true goal of incarceration, to rehabilitate the offender for reintroduction into society. Mass incarceration as a means of criminalRead MoreThe Problem With Mass Incarceration1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Problem with Mass Incarceration Over the past few decades, the United States has witnessed a huge surge in the number of individuals in jail and in prison. Evidence suggests the mass imprisonment policy from the last 40 years was a horrible catastrophe. Putting more people in prison not only ruined lives, it disrupted families, prevented ex-prisoners to find housing, to get an education, or even a good job. Regrettably, the United States has a higher percent of its population incarceratedRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe United States has not remained the same over time since its creation. Racism has shifted, changed, and shaped into unrecognizable ways that fit into the fabric of the American society to render it nearly invisible to the majority of Americans. Michelle Alexander, in her book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness shatters this dominantly held belief. The New Jim Crow makes a reader profoundly question whether the h igh rates of incarceration in the United States is anRead MorePrison Overcrowding And The United States1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshould not be judged by how it treats its highest citizens, but its lowest ones.Ã¢â¬ The prisons in the United States have been overcrowded for many years and require a change in order to fix this. Some of the main causes for prison overcrowding that will be covered in this paper are mass incarceration, long sentencing, recidivism, and prisoners of drug crimes. Overcrowding of prisons in the United States is a major issue that affects not only the prisoners themselves, but taxpayers and politicians. AlthoughRead MoreAmerican Incarceration : Where We Are, And What Can Be Done?1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesYasir Choudhury Dr. JoÃ £o Vargas UGS 303 Mass Incarceration 5 October 2015 American Incarceration: Where We Are, and What Can be Done From its early inception as a necessary aspect of modern society to its broken state that can be seen today, the American penal system has changed radically in recent history from an institution that performed the duty of safeguarding the public from those too dangerous to be left unsupervised to a business model concerned more with generating a profit for shareholders
Friday, May 15, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 1039 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2019/10/30 Category Science Essay Level High school Tags: Cloning Essay Did you like this example? Cloning is something that has been a controversial topic throughout the course of time. Many think that cloning would be a great human advancement that would allow us to recreate beloved ones. You would never have to live in fear of being heart broken or lonely. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Would Cloning Make Us Lose Our Identities as Humans?" essay for you Create order While others believe that cloning would make us lose our identities and our ways of recombination. Some even say it could lead to dangerous makings such as humans with stronger abilities than others, bringing back individuals who were no help to the world, or just wiping out certain individuals. If cloning where to become a reality, what makes a person special would no longer be there. Everyones genes would be the same, would that lead to everyone looking the same one day? I believe that cloning would not be a help to the world. It would just bring consequences that can be prevented without cloning. A lot of individuals also believe that cloning goes against religion. In the bible it states that everything and everyone was and I made by God, but cloning would take away that point meaning going against what the bible states. This issue has been a controversial issue going back all the way to 1997, to when the first cloned sheep Dolly was made by researchers in Scotland. Although many did not think about the possibility of cloning a human being, many soon began to debate and question the idea. Many began to start thinking how human cloning would begin. Researchers started saying how they would start by cloning human embryos. This research idea begin, increasing controversy. According to John H. Evans, he states that the Roman Catholic Church stated that Embryos are to be treated the same as born persons and therefore cannot be used as a means toward an end. Therefore also going with the laws that many are in favor, which are ending abortion. Evans states how embryos cannot be dest royed an even if they were to be used, it would sever human reproduction from sexuality. These ideas challenge the idea of earlier researchers who tend to assume that cloning is just another part of science that does not take into consideration the idea of dealing with actual possible humans beings. In one article Cole-Turner brings up the idea of man being co-creators with God. In continuation with why cloning would just bring wrong outcomes, is that it would carry over into the rights of women. In order to start experimenting with cloning, researchers would have to extract eggs from women in order to continue on their research with the embryos. The question would arise to how they would get the proper acceptance of women to do this. Would women just donate their eggs, would they be payed, or just be obligated. Women would be taken for granted and would not be given their value that they deserve. There is a bill called Hatch/Feinstein, that is not opposed to cloning. The law states that cloning can not be done in the same facility where assisted reproduction occurs. It also states how embryos are not to be planted into the wombs of women, but how would they have permission. While some still argue that cloning is in the wrong, some still believe human cloning is a means for creating life, not destroying. The whole idea brings back the holy side of the argume nt. Richard M. Doerflinger states human beings are treated like objects and not as individuals with their own identities and rights. I agree with the statement that Doerflinger presents. Each human being should not be used as an experiment for the better of other. Sure some might say that cloning could replace deceased loved ones, or even produce a clone copy of oneself, for the use of organs, spare tissues, or just for their own benefits. If this is the case anyone could bring back illustrious people from the past, who do not need to be brought back. Using a clone for your own benefit would seem like a convenience if you ever got sickly ill, but then again you have to think. Thats a actual person who was created and has their own life. Professor Leon Kass of the University of Chicago states human cloning wouldrepresent a giant step toward turning procreation into manufacture, hes stating that that the creation of person would just turn into another man-made item. People would no l onger be creating children out of a loving union, but just be seen as an experiment. Along, with the idea that cloning would stop forming children from a love union, it would also impact the bounds of families. Growing up children would be confused as to how they came to be, or why they were created the way they are. Issues would arise between the bonds of parents and children. Cloning also has risen different questions on how and to what extent would people use cloning for. Some even state that cloning could help produce disease-free offspring. Sure its a great idea to have, but what would happen to the rest of the population that would not arise from cloning. Would they be treated the same, looked at different because they have perfect genes from from diseases, disabilities, or looks. The idea of a new form of discrimination would begin. Generations would soon start to change with possibly new enhancements, traits, and capacities. Over the years many forms of discrimination have taken place, but with cloning that would be a whole nother dilemma. In March of 2001-Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life by the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press conducted as survey that went around and asked fellow individuals on their intakes of cloning. The question they they surveyed asked if they strongly in favor of allowing unrestricted scientific research related to human cloning? According to their outcomes, more than 51% strongly opposed, 35% opposed, 12% were in favor, and the remaining percentage strongly favored. This date goes to show that even if researchers did push for human cloning , a big percentage of the public would not be in favor. Many like myself including believe that cloning would only have few benefits, but the cons would outweigh the pros.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Throughout this course we have learned about slavery in many parts of the world. I have learned some new things about slavery that I had never been taught before. Slavery has been a major stab wound to the heart of the world ever since it first existed. Slavery has caused years of turmoil and depression to large ethnic groups of people who have done nothing to deserve what came to them. The sad part about the whole slavery situation is that, it was never completely abolished from the world. Maybe on paper slavery may have been abolished, but there are still forms of slavery that exists in the world today. As stated in the declaration of human rights No one shall be held in slavery or servitude: slavery and the slave trade shall beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Descent-based slavery is just an unlucky situation because this slavery refers to those who are born into slavery. The status of the slave passes from parent to child. Trafficking is known as the transport or movement of a pers on or group of persons from one area into another often being conditions of slavery. Early and forced marriage is a type of slavery where women are forced into marriage often at a young age without their consent. They are also exposed to sexual and domestic servitude. Child slavery is a big part of what slavery has evolved into since its beginning. In child slavery children are domestic workers forced into labor by different industries, trafficked for sexual exposure, and used as soldiers. Slave by Mende Nazer is a novel that mainly focuses on children in slavery, including the main character. Because of its illegality, itÃ¢â¬â¢s been extremely hard to keep data on modern day slavery. No one can really tell exactly how many modern day slaves are out there today, all we can do is guess. The United NationÃ¢â¬â¢s International Labour Organization has estimated that twenty one people are forced into labor at any point. Women and girls and children are amongst the most vulnerable whe n it comes to slavery. About fifty five percent of women slaves make up a vast majority of the slaves that are exploited while children on the other hand make up nearly of quarter of slavery. I thinkShow MoreRelatedSlavery Was A Part Of Many Societies And Nations Around The World1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Slavery was a part of many societies and nations around the world in times past. There was slavery in North America before the United States was established. However, the United States continued the practice until the Civil War in the mid-1800s. Before the Civil War, slavery and descendants of slaves were much of the backbone and strength of the society and economy of the United States. Slavery really fully developed during the colonial times; boomed in the South during the antebellum times; andRead MoreSlavery in History713 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSlavery has been around for centuries, and still is present today with the development of custom definition. Slavery does not only affec t the caucasian and the African americans. When you think of slavery, what do you think of? Who is affected? Slavery is so important because it was a geological and world-wide act. This act of slavery affected many people for the good and the bad. The economy and plantation owners were affected in the act of slavery. You should be informed that, how slavery affectedRead MoreSlavery Speech Sample Essay1083 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdoing around the world to stop child sex slavery. Give Love146 Introduction: I. (Attention-getting device): She was only a number in a room of girls, but her eyes stared through the two-way glass and into the rescuerÃ¢â¬â¢s soul. When they returned to raid the place, 146 had already been sold, or killed, but sheÃ¢â¬â¢s what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re fighting to save. II. (Central Idea): Love146 is the most deserving charity because of the work they are doing around the world to stop child sex slavery. Read MoreSlavery : The State Of Being A Slave1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA.) Slavery is defined as the state of being a slave, or the condition of being owned by another person and being forced to work. B.) Slavery has been going on for a very long time. It has been going on over seas and started in the US around 1619, in the colony of Jamestown, Virginia. The Slaves during that time were used to help the fields and crops such as cotton and tobacco. C.) However, slavery began long before that time. In the sixteenth century Europe traded slaves around the world. TheRead MoreSlavery in the 21st Century1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSlavery in the 21st Century For the majority of people, slavery brings to mind images of African people shackled in damp cargo holds of ships crossing the Atlantic. Slavery is something that most people think is part of history rather than a current global problem. But the reality is slavery still exists today and in some parts of the world is increasing daily (Slavery in the 21st Century, n.d.). According to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI], human trafficking alone generates aRead MoreFrederick Douglass Essay1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe effects of slavery continue to be seen in the world to this day, but its time of full force was during the time of Frederick Douglass, an American slave who eventually learned to read and write. He escaped from slavery and began to tell his story, which became very famous for its raw description of the conditions of slavery. Although many think that slaves were the people most affected, Frederick Douglass reveals that the slaveholders were also greatly changed by the institution. In The NarrativeRead MoreThroughout Our Journey In Lps 35 We Have Been Debating1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshow society influences law. What we have not deliberated in class is what brought about the end of slavery; was it because technology was out-pacing manual labor with the introduction of the steam engine, or could it have been that society was warming up to the idea of abolishing because they found slavery distasteful? Of these two theories, I strongly favor technological advancement out-dating slavery, but the idea that society dictated it obsolete has merit as well. There are the two leading theoriesRead MoreSlavery Is Not Legal Now939 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery Slavery, according to Merriam Webster means Ã¢â¬Å"the practice of owning slavesÃ¢â¬ . Ã¯Æ'Å¸Ã¯Æ'Å¸Ã¯Æ'Å¸ This means owning people against their will and not paying them. Slavery has been around since 1916, when the first settlers of Jamestown brought with them their slaves. Slavery also has been a debate ever since the declaration of independence, when Thomas Jefferson tried to abolish slavery but North Carolina disagreed. Owning slaves back at the time was a sign of wealth and power. The slave trade important toRead MoreSlavery Is The Most Extreme Form Of Forced Labor Essay1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSlavery Whenever we hear the word Ã¢â¬Å"slaveryÃ¢â¬ in the United States, we tend to think of the Southern part of the United States during the Pre-Civil War era. What many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to know, is that this horrible act of slavery has occurred worldwide! The term slavery has many different definitions and has occurred all throughout our world history. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until the early 18th century that the thought of anti-slavery came out. Many economic, social, and technological forces have played a partRead MoreSlavery And Its Effects On America1332 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthink that slavery was wiped out in the U.S. in 1865 and other parts of the world in years to come. This is not true. Slavery is going on today and generates $150 billion each year according to Free The Slaves. It is also estimated 21 to 36 million people are enslaved worldwide. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s ridiculous that slavery is still going on and you might be wondering how? Well let me tell you. In 1865 the U.S. abolished slavery and in 2007 Mauritania made slavery a crime. Not all countries made slavery illegal 100
A world problem is one that cannot be solved by countries acting alone and do not affect one country alone, these problems will have consequences for many people across the globe. Additionally, global problems can be so significant that they affect the ability of the planet itself to support life. There are many world problems that are evident around the globe today, however the most significant problem is population growth. According to the UN News Centre, in 2015 the world population was 7.3 billion. In 1990, the population was only 5.3 billion, meaning in 25 years, there was a dramatic increase in population by 2 billion. It is projected that by 2100, the population will exceed 11.2 billion people. The exponential growth of population can be traced to the increase of global development. Hite and Seitz attributed the population booms to three major factors that influenced development and population. Beginning with the agriculture boom, people began to grow their populations because they could sustain more people with the more food they were growing. Then came the industrial revolution, which increased the quality of life for people, causing them to once again increase populations. Still, populations were multiplying steadily because death rates were still high. Now, we are seeing more major health improvements, thus extending the life expectancy and reducing death rates. While initially the growth could be attributed to high birth rates, that has since evened out becauseShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of World Hunger1258 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespervasive threat of death have been streaming on various media. World Hunger is one of the main problems that a large portion of the global population faces today. Hunger varies with severity but in this case it is the want of food in a third world country. World hunger is a problem that has existed for much of our known history; it has faded away from central concerns because it is barely brought up in everyday conversation s. World hunger has many aggravating factors and principal causes, such asRead MoreRacism: a World Problem1425 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRacism: A World Problem In one way or another everyone encounters racism at many times in their life. Whether they are making the comments or victims of it, racism is everywhere and continues to be denied throughout the world. Neil Bissoondath, a Trinidad native, writes Im Not Racist ButÃâ¦ which discusses the types of labels given to different ethnic groups and the encouragement of racism they give. Based on the effective way it was written, Bissoondaths essay is suggested for an English 101Read MoreThe Problem Of World Hunger1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWriting commentary I decided to write an article for the readers of a sophisticated scientific based magazine on the topic of farming and poverty. As the problem of world hunger becomes more and more apparent I wanted to write an article for what I believe is the solution to the problem. My aim was to inform and persuade the readers to agree with my view that intensive farming is better than free range farming. By all means, there were restrictions and bias to my argument, so in the end, I decidedRead More12 World Problems1849 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages1. Pollution - of the air, the water, the soil. For Gadamer all of these problems are the consequence of the compartmentalized thinking of the modern era, along with the assumption that the earth is ours to exploit as we please without regard to for the future, for our children, for the earth itself. We must reassume our historical responsibility for our childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s future by protecting their heritage. The reckless anarchy of the exploitation of th e earth must be replaced by responsible dialogueRead MoreThe Problem Of World Hunger1999 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespeople all around the world despite the world producing more than enough food to feed everyone. Although world hunger is an increasing dilemma in poverty-stricken countries because they do not have the finances to produce or purchase crops, in order to alleviate this problem we must eliminate meat off of our plates. As we have seen for decades, world hunger has been a chilling epidemic affecting over 925 million people, but it has little to do with food shortages. (Ã¢â¬Å"World Hunger FactsÃ¢â¬ , Page 1)Read MoreCybercrime : A World Problem2592 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesmodern business world. It is rapidly becoming a business opportunity open to everyone driven by profit (Jones, 2007). In cybercrime, the perpetrator typically gains access to a computer system without the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s authorisation (Davis, 2003). It is often not just one particular type of cybercrime that is occurring, but usually when individuals think of cybercrime they immediately think of viruses or worms (Table 1) (Hutchings, 2012). These types of crimes are becoming a world problem that costs theRead MoreThe Digital Divide: A Problem for Thrid World Problems Essay1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Digital Divide In 1966, the world was introduced to a television series titled Ã¢â¬Å"Star TrekÃ¢â¬ , created by Gene Roddenberry, portraying fantasy technology that all members of planet Earth had knowledge of. The characters on the TV show used innovative tools such as Telepresense, Communicators, Phasers, and Universal Translators. In modern society these tools are used worldwide but they are called video conferencing, cell phones, taser guns, and voice recognition software, respectively. Another thingRead MorePoverty Is The Biggest World Problem1267 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction All of us complain about what we donÃ¢â¬â¢t have and what we canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford. We forget that there are billions of people that have less than we do. Poverty is one of the biggest world problems there are today. More than 80% of people in the world live on less than 10 dollars a day. There are a growing number of people in need of resources, and no money to provide it. For example, no access to clean water and in some cases any water at all. Some people do not have shelter, or health servicesRead MoreApplications For Real World Problems1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSomeone who applies his or her knowledge of the pure sciences to make practical applications for real world problems is by definition an engineer. Engineers are the people who create solutions to issues that the world faces on a daily basis, from miniscule problems such as creating a more ergonomic workplace to large scale issues such as global warming. Without engineers the world would not be as advanced as it is today, we would all still be clueless about electricity, we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have theRead MorePoverty Is A Serious World Problem Essay923 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfood poverty. Poverty has become such a prevalent issue throughout history, that it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t put into consideration as much as it should be. Poverty is a serious world problem, and truly needs to be stopped. With the help of citizens of the world, and different groups, and charities, the percentage of poverty stricken people around the world could be greatly shrunk. Above all, poverty has countless effects on people, society, governments, etc. One of the multitude of effects, mainly caused by food
The reception sots are the only costs that can be meaningfully allocated as a cost per audience member (all other costs are assumed to fixed costs). The SO concert will appeal to lovers Of popular classics while the NH concert will have more appeal to serious classical music lovers and those who prefer more contemporary and potentially dissonant (atonal) compositions. Howard, the orchestra box-office and marketing manager has provided you with profiles of four representative customer groups and their willingness to pay for the two types of concert. Some of the orchestras patrons are theWolfgang Amadeus Mozart lovers or as Howard calls them, Whams. Whams have a strong demand for light classical programs and place a low value on most music composed after 1900. Another identifiable group of patrons are the Melody Lovers, who like popular classics but are likely to give more contemporary composers such as Stravinsky a try. A third category of patrons are the Boomers, viewed perhaps somewhat stereotypically as aging professionals who like going out often, but are less fussy when it comes to the actual content of the entertainment. We will write a custom essay sample on Pricing Exercise or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The fourth and last group of preventative patrons is what Howard calls the Sophisticates.This group is on average more knowledgeable about contemporary classical music and includes musicians or consumers who have spent some time studying or playing music. Table 1 below summarizes the average reservation prices (maximum willingness to pay) for each type of patron for each type of concert. Patron type WHAMS Melody lovers Boomers Sophisticates Table 1 Reservation price (willingness to pay) for a concert ticket (including pre-performance reception) by concert content Solid Gold New Horizons $90. 00 $10. 00 $80. 00 40. 00 $50. 00 Howard wants your suggestions about how to price these two concerts.He is waiting for estimates of the per-person cost of the pre-concert receptions but has asked thou proceed in the meantime to evaluate the revenue implications of various price alternatives (independent of all cost issues). He currently has no data on the distribution of potential audience members across the four patron types shown in table 1 thus he has ;k Associate Professor, School of Business and Economics, Wilfred Laurie University. Professor Morrison prepared this exercise for MBA students as art of an integrated class discussion of pricing problems and strategies. @ W.Morrison 2015 requested thou assume a uniform distribution of patron types for now. That is, for every 100 randomly drawn potential audience members, we expect there to be 25 people from each of the four patron types. Question 1: Based on the orchestras tradition of charging one ticket price for all seats at a concert, what ticket price should it charge for each concert separately? Howard is of the opinion that it would be better to replace individual concert tickets with a single price for admission to both concerts; e says offer them an all-or-nothing deal and they will buy the bundle! Howard suggests calling the bundled concert series Classics and Beyond. Can the orchestra generate more revenue this way given what we currently know about patron types? Hint: Make your calculations based on 100 audience members with 25 individuals in each patron type. 2. New Information Howard calls you with new information from a marketing survey. The surrey provides more accurate information about willingness-to-pay by patron type and about the distribution of patron types as shown below in tables 2 and 3. Whams Table 2 New Reservation prices for concert + reception based on the latest market survey data. 60. 00 Table 3 Percentage of customer base 25 30 20 Question 2: Howard now asks that you reevaluate questions 1 and 2 using this new information. He also wants to consider offering a choice between the bundled price for Classics and Beyond and individual concert prices is this a good idea? O W. Morrison 2015 3. Factoring in costs The cost estimates for the pre-concert receptions have come in and are $30 and $25 (per audience member) for Solid Gold and New Horizons respectively. Question 3: Now the objective is to maximize profits rather than revenues.Use the cost information to calculate the best individual prices to charge, the best pure bundle price and the best mixed bundling strategy. Which do you recommend? 4. Going digital The orchestra has recorded and produced a digital musical file featuring performances from both the Solid Gold and the New Horizons repertoire. Table 4 shows a schedule of willingness-to-pay for the digital music file by individuals in representative (2-person) households. Households can still be identified by patron-type based on either past concert attendances or their dated preferences in the marketing survey.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Sustaining vs Disruptive Technologies? Answer: Introduction: A disruptive technology is such a technology which helps in creating value network and new markets and eventually disrupts a value network and an existing market displacing the earlier technology. The term disruptive technology is used in technology and business literature to describe innovations that improve a service and a product in an unexpected manner. In contrast to disruptive innovation, sustaining innovation does not create new markets or value network but innovates existing ones with better value and proposition, giving the firms room for competition against their existing innovations. Sustaining innovations may be continuous or discontinuous (, 2013). What impact does disruptive and sustaining innovations have on business decisions: Innovation can be divided into two forms i.e. disruptive and sustaining innovations. Good companies are aware of the innovations that they are going through, but unfortunately, their business structure does not allow them to pursue those because they are not profitable and secondly it might take away the resources which are accumulated for sustaining innovations. Therefore disruptive innovations are costly and complicated to apply in organizations. Apple has provided an excellent example of how to apply disruptive innovation(Whatis.techtarget.com, 2015). The launching of I Pod, by apple had breathtaking attraction over customers and record breaking profits for apple. But in reality, before apple two more companies have already launched the same idea and were doing well in the market. But what made apple different from them was that apple has developed an excellent business model that integrated software and hardware service. In his book, The innovators Dilemma, M.Christensen has said that large companies are designed to work upon sustaining innovation. They are comfortable in knowing old markets, staying intimate with their customers, and having mechanisms for sustaining technologies. But, on the other hand, they have trouble capitalizing cost savings, potential efficiencies or new marketing opportunities formed by low margin disruptive technologies (Antiessays.com, 2015). Internet and www- disruptive or sustaining technology The rise of internet has aroused the question across many industries whether it is a disruptive technology or a sustaining technology. The internet seems to have some of the characteristics of disruptive technology in the banking industry as it has created a major new growth in the banking industry. While others see the internet as just another sustaining technology in banking, providing a more convenient distribution channel.eg. ATM. How had internet changed the business in the information age? The internet has opened a new dimension of vast opportunities to the entrepreneurs. With the coming of the internet, business has become more connected and open to the consumers. Internet has provided business with a new way of communication, such as, emails and instant messaging therefore improving the ability of businesses to communicate with associates, employees and customers. Today, business entrepreneurs can stay in touch with instant messaging, emails and face to face chats over internet (Bartels, 2015). Anyone can access the internet and big decisions are taken within seconds. Social networking sites such as facebook and twitter provides another easy way to connect colleagues. Not only has that internet allowed far reaching collaboration. The internet has made possible geographically dispersed team to meet from anywhere in the world virtually through the medium of email, cloud computing, video conferencing, Skype etc. social networking business sites such as LinkedIn, have ma de possible businesses to communicate with each other in an easier manner. The result is huge productivity and a wider blend of abilities, talents and viewpoints. In what way would collaboration, collective intelligence and crowdsourcing affect a company moving to an open system? Collaborative intelligence characterizes distributed systems and multi agent where each human, agent or machine is positioned in such a way to contribute to a problem solving network. Collaboration is to work with others in completing a task and to share achieved goals. Crowd sourcing is the process of obtaining needed ideas, services and content by taking contributions from a group of people like an online community rather than from suppliers or traditional employees (Vectone.com, 2015). The collective intelligence is needed to solve many of the future challenges. Crowdsourcing refers to the use of internet to gather value from the contribution of many people. The term crowd sourcing has been pioneered by Jeff Howe to refer to new ways of problem solving. Open collaboration systems, such as Wikipedia always need a group of volunteers to remain relevant. Only open systems are effective in collaboration as all closed systems will fail over time. For knowledge sharing only open systems are effective (Laudon Traver, 2002). Advantages and disadvantages of Web 2.0 The disadvantages of web 1.0 gave way to the formation of web 2.0. The pros and cons of web 2.0 are as follows: Pros: Customer engagement Rss readers can receive latest updates and contents Everyone can post comments and views Search engine optimization and social media marketing Through social networking, friends and contacts are increased. Online promotions of products, businesses and services Cons: Hackers and forgeries commit crimes Information is overloaded. many information is posted by viewers which contributes to confusions and the content is also not reliable Too many spammers and fake ids Freedom to post comments encourage competitors and rivals post negative comments about companies Tools used in web 2.0 The most widely used tools in web 2.0 are wikis, blogs, podcasts, prediction markets, information tagging and social networks (Editorsweblog.org, 2015). Old media meets new web media: Foursquare, the social networking geotagging game has collaborated with wall street journal as a geolocation check in. Its extraordinarily fascinating old media meets new web media coverage. By definition, old media is the publisher that delivers magazines, newspapers in a package while new media is publishing something online such as publishing a video in YouTube; blogging which stays online in a digitalized package. New media is growing fast in the market causing old media to lose major stocks in the market. Most of the softwares uses the concept of geo location to identify users and profile them to gain the competitive advantages. Applications like face book, foursquare, and gowalla have been famous for a few years Geolocation technologies allow organizations to use the World Wide Web as a distribution channel to identify the customers. After shaking hands with foursquare, wall street journal has won the war for New York City against The New York Times as now it has a technologica l advantage. They are using foursquare to maximize their market penetration (Eaton Eaton, 2010). The WSJ has created 3 badges including the urban adventurer badge, a banker badge and a lunch box badge which will be given to readers who will read WSJ. The badges moreover represent the increasing number of partnerships occurring between social networking sites and publications. Thus it can be seen that this partnership has been an added advantage on the part of wsj. Social networking sites have become a new tool for e marketing. The e business tolls that have been used in this partnership are subscription, advertising, transaction fee, affiliate and sales. Advantages of web 2.0 over web 1.0 Web 2.0 contains more features than web 1.0.It includes web sites created by users, social networking sites, tagging, self publishing platforms and social bookmarking. It is cost effective, flexible, mobile, contains up to date information, it can be continuously used. It ties to a global community; readers can implement creativity in posting and developing content. Web 1.0 was a kind of read only where you can only read the internet pages. But web 2.0 is a read and write application where users communicate with the internet example, my space and facebook. The challenges with web 2.0 are that too many information is posted online by readers and it creates confusion. The freedom of posting comments make the competitors and rivals post unviable comments online and forgeries and hacking are committed on a large basis. Web 3.0 is the future of internet technology. It provides broader search for information through easier interfaces (Searchcio.techtarget.com, 2015). The inventor of www, Tim burners-lee calls it semantic web. Web 3.0 creates a collection of databases which connects on demand. Thus it is more revolutionized and has better prospects than web 2.0 Conclusion: Thus it can be seen that, that social networking sites are the new media that is gaining revenue in the market. Web 2.0 is better than web 1.0 and the future of technology is web 3.0 and it can be seen that both disruptive and sustaining technology is necessary for organizations. References: , V. (2013). Sustaining vs Disruptive Technologies. Startup Iceland. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://startupiceland.com/2013/02/22/sustaining-vs-disruptive-technologies/ Antiessays.com,. (2015). Foursquare Geography - Essay by Blf99999. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Foursquare-Geography-521619.html Bartels, A. (2015). The difference between e-business and e-commerce. Computerworld. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://www.computerworld.com/article/2588708/e-commerce/the-difference--between-e-business-and-e-commerce.html Eaton, K., Eaton, K. (2010). Wall Street Journal and Foursquare: Geolocating City Newsrag Mashup From Heaven. Fast Company. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://www.fastcompany.com/1627992/wall-street-journal-and-foursquare-geolocating-city-newsrag-mashup-heaven Editorsweblog.org,. (2015). In the battle for New York City, the WSJ uses Foursquare to its advantage - Editors Weblog. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://www.editorsweblog.org/2010/04/27/in-the-battle-for-new-york-city-the-wsj-uses-foursquare-to-its-advantage Laudon, K., Traver, C. (2002). E-commerce. Boston: Addison Wesley. Searchcio.techtarget.com,. (2015). What is e-business (electronic business)? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/e-business Vectone.com, T. (2015). The Impact of E-Promotion and Social Networking on E-Business: Case Study of Vectone.com. Academia.edu. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from https://www.academia.edu/3746477/The_Impact_of_E-Promotion_and_Social_Networking_on_E-Business_Case_Study_of_Vectone.com Whatis.techtarget.com,. (2015). What is disruptive technology? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Retrieved 18 February 2015, from
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